Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) is the federal department that manages Canadian citizenship, both for those applying for citizenship and for current Canadian citizens. Approximately 210,000 people became citizens of Canada in 2014, which represents 85 per cent of eligible Canadian immigrants. These new Canadians have taken loyalty oaths pledging their commitment to the responsibilities and privileges of Canadian citizenship.
Canadian Citizenship Eligibility
- You Must Be A Permanent Resident Of Canada And 18 Years Of Age Or Older
Children under 18 years of age and persons adopted by Canadians can also become citizens, but they do not have to meet the same requirements as adults. Ask for more information on this topic.
- You Must Have Lived Here For At Least Three Years You must have lived in Canada for at least three years in the four years immediately before you apply for citizenship.
- You must know English or French. Canada has two official languages — English and French. If you are applying as an adult and are between 18 and 54 years of age, you must successfully demonstrate an adequate knowledge of English or French to become a Canadian citizen. Adequate knowledge is defined as the ability to speak and understand basic statements and questions in the given language.
- You must demonstrate knowledge of Canada You must understand the rights and responsibilities of Canadian citizenship, such as voting in elections, obeying the law, and helping others in the community. You must also demonstrate knowledge of Canada’s government, history, symbols and geography.
If you are applying as an adult and are not yet 55 years of age, you will need to pass the citizenship test, which could be a written test or an interview with a citizenship judge.
Once your application is is process, an acknowledgement letter and a copy of the citizenship study guide, Discover Canada: the Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship, will be mailed to you.
This guide will help you prepare for your citizenship written test and/or interview.
- Citizenship for persons adopted outside Canada
Foreign-born persons adopted by a Canadian citizen on or after January 1, 1947 may be eligible for citizenship without having to either become permanent residents or live in Canada. For information on the citizenship process for adopted persons. Please contact us.
Who Cannot Become a Canadian Citizen? A Million Dollars question.
In general, you cannot become a Canadian citizen if:
- You are in prison, on parole or on probation (serving a sentence);
- In the past four years, you were in prison, on parole or on probation for more than a year;
- You were convicted of a crime under any Act of Parliament, or an offence under the Citizenship Act, in the three years preceding your application;
- You are currently charged with an a crime under any Act of Parliament, or an offence under the Citizenship Act;
- You are under a removal order (instructed by Canadian officials to leave Canada);
- You are under investigation for, are charged with, or have been convicted of, a war crime or a crime against humanity; or
- Your Canadian citizenship has been taken away (revoked) in the last five years.
To apply to become a Canadian citizen, make an appointment with us. We will help you determine which application package is most suitable, review the application with you and ensure it is complete, submit it for you, and help you prepare for your test / interview so you can take the oath of citizenship at a citizenship ceremony.